Category Archive: Steel

How Does 17-7 Stainless Steel Differ From Its Counterparts?

According to the USGS, iron and steel constitute about 95% of all the tons of metal produced yearly in the U.S worldwide. This indicates a high demand for iron and steel in various industries. For instance, 17-7 stainless steel has various applications in the aerospace and general metal working industry. It’s also used for food processing, chemical processing, and oil and petroleum refining equipment. In this article, we explore 17-7 stainless and it’s differences from its counterparts.

What Is 17-7 Stainless Steel?

17-7 stainless steel is often compared to 304 stainless steel, but what’s the difference between the two? This type of steel has a mixed chemical composition that includes chromium, nickel, aluminum, manganese, silicon, carbon, phosphorous, sulfur, and iron. Heat treatments are often applied to harden this type of stainless steel, and the process typically involves conditioning with austenite, cooling, and then precipitation hardening. 17-7 stainless steel is regarded as having a high amount of strength and corrosion resistance. These properties make it suitable for manufacturing a wide range of products, such as springs, diaphragms, and washers. It’s the material of choice whenever highly specific and precise parts are required.

Why Choose 7-17 Stainless Steel?

It’s not hard to see why this type of stainless steel has a wide range of elaborate applications in various industries. For instance, 17-7 stainless steel is ideal for aerospace applications because of its high corrosion resistance, strength, and ability to be formed into meticulous parts. This type of stainless steel also meets aerospace requirements because of its ability to maintain its form even when exposed to high heat temperatures. 17-7 steel is also popularly used in food processing equipment, chemical processing equipment, oil, and petroleum refining equipment because it’s resistant to rust even with heavy use, it has high fatigue properties, and doesn’t wear and tear quickly.

Finding the Right Supplier

If you wish to benefit from the great qualities inherent in 17-7 steel, it’s important to ensure that you’re using the best steel for whatever purpose you may need it for. You should look for a supplier that produces quality steel with high corrosion resistance and high strength. The right supplier will ensure that the stainless steel on offer is precipitation hardened so that it also has high hardness and doesn’t get fatigued or distorted when exposed to high temperatures. If you’re looking for such a supplier, don’t hesitate to get in touch with Thin Metal Sales today.

Why Domestic Raw Steel Production Continues to Rise

There’s no doubt that domestic raw steel production will keep rising. According to the American Iron and Steel Institute, as of April 9, 2022, the United States produced 1,739,000 net tons of steel, with a capability utilization rate of 79.7%. Why does steel production continue to rise? Here are some things you may want to consider.

Demand for Items Made Using Steel Keeps Increasing

Steel is used in many different applications. As the demand for things made of steel like cars and machinery keeps rising, the domestic steel industry has to rise to the occasion. There is increasing demand for things like vehicles, appliances, and construction products. All these are made using steel, and unless people find alternative materials to use, the demand will keep rising. It’s almost impossible to imagine a world without steel. In fact, making steel in large quantities and thin steel sheet structures is commonly considered as the beginning of the modern industrial era.

Steel Is the Basis of Modern Industry

Today’s world depends on the reliability of steel for almost every aspect of progress. This is why steel is one of the most important materials for developing an orderly modern lifestyle. Closer observation reveals that the need for steel intensifies as society develops. As such, it will be right to assume that modern society will continue to utilize large amounts of steel for the foreseeable future. Steel has survived the test of time because it remains one of the materials with the broadest range of applications.

The Future

As a product, steel has shown itself to be quite versatile. After centuries of being in use, it still excels in areas like strength and excellent value. One of the reasons why domestic raw steel production keeps increasing is that the industry believes that new opportunities for using steel will keep materializing. In fact, some are already in the process of development. A good example would be the use of lightweight steel netting to capture the so-called space junk. There are already prototypes of fully automated cargo ships that are being tested. Apart from such activities, there are also prototypes of modularized dwellings made from thin steel sheet-like sides that will be developed in factories and transported to sites where they will expand into dwelling sites.

The demand for steel keeps rising because the material has many applications. It only makes sense for the industry to keep producing more raw steel to meet the demand. Are you looking for a thin steel sheet supplier? Contact our team at Thin Metal Sales today, and we will point you in the right direction.

How is the Price of Stainless Steel Determined?

The main role a surcharge plays in the purchasing of stainless steel. It is used to offset how the costs of raw materials incorporated in an alloy fluctuate. It is an added charge that gets summed up with the overall price. There are some differences as to how the charges are calculated depending on mills or nickel and stainless alloys, but a common attribute they all share is the fundamental approach used in it. Let’s find out how these prices are determined.

How is the Base Price of Stainless Steel Determined?

The base price of individual alloys and the size range of the product get determined by paying attention to its alloy content, the price of creating the specific size, form, and the factor involving yield as well as the demand or supply in the market of metal sales near me.

Materials that are easy to make may only need a 15% extra weight to create the amount needed after the processing of normal losses such as trimming or grinding before it reaches its final size. Difficult alloys and combination sizes might make 50% or lower. The price used in the production of a plate differs from the prices used in the production of a bar contained in the alloy. In general, thin areas carry a high price since it takes longer processing to create a small size.

The base cost finally gets determined with the alloy content targeted and the referred cost for each alloy element. The surcharge gets calculated by using the difference in the calculation between elemental prices and referred prices. The real surcharge for a specific alloy size combined gets adjusted depending on what elemental percentage is in an alloy and also the expected yield after production.

The high demand for specific alloys often leads to base prices that are low because of the scale of an economy which then leads to an increase in competition. Apart from the effects arising from supply and demand in metal sales near me, there are types of alloys that are more challenging to create than others.

How Do Metal Sheet Workers Assemble Stainless Steel?

An important part of the process other than creating the surcharge and base price is how metal sheet workers assemble this metal. Metal sheet workers specialize in the fabrication of sheet metal and use specific types of equipment in the formation and welding of sheet metals as well as in creating useful items to be used for commercial purposes and industrial usage.

According to statistics, there were about 138,900 sheet metal workers in the United States in 2016. They assemble the pieces needed for parts of a product and join them together by using welds, bolts, screws, etc. You can research metal sheet mills by searching online “metal sales near me.” They are an important element in the succession of a mill.

For more information or to purchase your own stainless steel, reach out to us today to see what we can do for you.

Is Stainless Steel Recyclable?

Stainless steel is one of the most widely used construction and manufacturing materials across various industries. Its distinctive stainless properties and exceptional endurance make it ideal in construction and medical equipment manufacturing. But what occurs when stainless steel approaches the end of its useful life? Can stainless steel be recycled? Yes, it is actually the world’s most recycled material.

Over 80 million tons of steel are recycled each year in North America, representing 69% of all steel. One ton of recycled steel saves 2,500 pounds of iron ore, 1,400 pounds of coal, and 120 pounds of limestone, according to the Steel Recycling Institute. These figures stand in striking contrast to the ecologically damaging procedures required to produce materials such as fiberglass or polyvinyl chloride conduit, which are sometimes chosen as less expensive alternatives to stainless steel in electrical conduit systems. Let’s look into how stainless steel is recycled and why it’s so important.

How is Stainless Steel Recycled?

Stainless steel meant for recycling can be categorized into reclaimed scrap and industrial scrap. Reclaimed scrap is obtained from finished items, such as chemical tanks, structural pieces, equipment, or demolition debris. Industrial scrap consists of the byproducts of manufacturing, fabrication, and construction of stainless steel. This includes reports of sheets, trimmed rods, and other scraps.

While you can recycle any quantity of stainless steel, collecting them until you have enough for a recycling service is much more cost-effective. Professionals will then take the scrap to their facility for shredding, sorting the smaller pieces by composition to form new alloys used for other purposes.

Advantages of Recycling Stainless Steel

Environmental factors or concerns play a significant role in the modern economy. Businesses and industries can reduce their carbon footprint and actively participate in environmental conservation by recycling. Using recyclable materials is not only environmentally friendly but also cost-effective. In a perfect world where all stainless steel was produced from 100% recycled stainless steel, the global energy consumption for the production of stainless steel would decrease by an additional 51%.

Since the process of recycling stainless steel does not degrade the material, the recycled content in the final product is often determined by the availability of scrap. Using more recycled stainless steel means less pollution, lower energy demands, and lower costs for stainless steel producers and consumers.

Recycled stainless steel offers great social and environmental benefits. Increased adoption of stainless steel products will promote a healthier and cleaner environment. Reach out to us today to learn more about recycling stainless steel.

Brass vs Bronze: What to Know

You may not immediately notice a stark difference between brass and bronze. Despite the fact that sheet metal in itself currently accounts for about $30 billion in American revenue, much of that sheet metal is made up of bronze and brass. Aesthetically, they look quite similar, and they can potentially be used for similar purposes. But of course, we should know what separates brass from bronze, and what would be best to use under certain circumstances.

With that being said, we’re delving into what brass and bronze are made of, what separates the two of them, and what makes each one the right material for certain projects.

What Are They Made Of?

Firstly, let’s look into what brass is made of. Brass is made up of copper and zinc, which is why you’ll sometimes hear it referred to as copper brass. It has that distinct coppery look, but it’s stronger and more useful than copper. Brass is an alloy (a combination of multiple metal materials), as is bronze.

Bronze is also has a base of copper, but it’s made up of copper and tin. Phosphorous and aluminum have been added in with that cooper as well. The copper base of both brass and bronze is why they look so similar, but they function very differently.

What Is The History Behind Them?

Copper brass and bronze have both been in existence for quite some time. It’s estimated that copper brass was first created around 500 B.C.E., and at that time it was largely used for decorative purposes. Bronze is actually even older, dating back to 3,500 B.C.E. This product was actually used to create sculptures, some of which still exist to this day, which attests to the strength of the metal. Right now, brass and bronze are used for everything from plumbing to ammunition.

What’s Better, Bronze Or Brass?

There isn’t a particular advantage to using brass or bronze. It depends on the project you’re undertaking. Bronze is harder and therefore has often been used on ships and fittings. However, it’s more brittle. Brass is more malleable, on the other hand, and more easily manipulated, which is why it serves as decorative projects better. You can look at bronze being better in terms of durability, and brass being better in terms of its creative qualities.

Know the difference between bronze and brass to make sure you know what you’re using. If you want to learn more about these metals or others, contact us today!

Understanding Combined Metals & Alloys

Currently, the sheet metal market is already expanding and it will only expand more in future years. It’s been estimated that the market’s average growth rate is 4.09%. The growth was projected to occur between 2018 and 2022. This growth is reliant in part on the usage of combined metals and alloys. Combined metals and alloys differ from the metals that we are able to find naturally in the ground. True metals are actually pure elements, while alloys are blends of metals.

What can we get from combined metals and alloys? How can they benefit us? Let’s look into some of the things you should know about these metal products.

Why Do We Use Combine Metals And Alloys?

We create combined metals and alloys for multiple purposes. For one thing, metals can become stronger if we combine them. This allows us to, for example, combine the flexibility of one metal with the strength of another, creating a metal that better serves all of the purposes required.

Other times, metals are combined to approve the appearance of the end product. A metal may be combined with another in order to create a final product that is shinier, or perhaps a specific color. Metals may also be combined to create a product that is less prone to corrosion.

In some cases, a product that is made of combined metals performs similarly to another metal but is less expensive. This makes combined metals quite frequently more convenient to use and procure than pure metals.

What Are Some Common Combined Metal Products?

You might be surprised by how many metals you encounter in your daily life are combined metals and alloys. For example, stainless steel, one of the strongest metals in the world, is a combined metal. One of the main reasons why stainless steel is so often used is that it’s rust-proof. Therefore, it’s perfect for damp climates, and ideal to use for products like sinks, which are often in contact with water. Low levels of chromium and carbon are combined with iron to create stainless steel. Other common combined metal products include gold, which is utilized for jewelry, and solder, which is used for its binding properties.

There are so many benefits to using combined metals. You just need to know exactly what each one should be used for. Get in touch with us today to learn more about combined metal and alloys.

What Makes Aluminum So Sustainable?

Aluminum is one of the most-used metals in the world. This durable but lightweight metal is made from bauxite and has a variety of applications in transportation, construction, and packaging. The best part is that it is completely recyclable. In fact, three-quarters of all aluminum created in history is still in use today. So, why is aluminum so sustainable?

Lightweight

Because it has a lower atomic weight than other metals, aluminum has a low density. Its density is between 2.6 and 2.8 grams per cubic centimeter. Aluminum has a density of around one-third that of steel, which is why it is often known as a light metal.

Resistant to Corrosion

One of the key reasons for aluminum’s exceptional corrosion resistance is this oxide layer. When left untreated, aluminum corrosion resistance is excellent in most conditions. This is due to the fact that aluminum generates a thin but efficient oxide coating on its surface that prevents further oxidation. Aluminum oxide is impermeable and sticks strongly to the parent metal, unlike the oxide coatings on many other metals. The oxide layer of aluminum repairs itself promptly if it is mechanically damaged.

Durable

Aluminum has the potential to become one of the toughest metals on the planet. Aluminum alloys are utilized in a variety of applications that require strength and durability. High-strength aluminum is used in the construction of planes and automobiles as well as some of the world’s tallest buildings. The strength of aluminum is increased by adding components like silicon, magnesium, and lithium to the pure metal. This method can produce a metal that is as robust as, if not more so than, steel.

Affordability

Aluminum metal used to be more valuable than gold when it was first discovered. Although aluminum is now the most abundant metal on the planet, it is still a costly metal. This is due to the significant quantity of electricity consumed in the extraction process. However, when compared to other metals for production, the price of aluminum might be considered as reasonable due to its many favorable features.

The metal fabrication industry is expected to add 12,000 jobs over the next decade, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. That means that more and more workers will be using metals like aluminum. Thankfully, aluminum is also called a green metal because of its sustainability. It is lightweight, corrosion-resistant, durable, and affordable, among other reasons. Get in touch with us today to learn more about aluminum.

What To Know About Stainless Steel

We have all heard about stainless steel and that it’s superior to other types of metal. Because of this, a lot of people use it in various applications. However, what is it exactly and how is it made? Here’s some information about stainless steel.

What is Stainless Steel?

Stainless steel is the name used for a group of iron-based alloys. These are metals made by combining two or more elements. However, every alloy must contain at least 10.5% chromium for it to count as stainless steel. It’s the presence of chromium that makes stainless steel resistant to corrosion. The chromium found in stainless steel creates an ultra-thin layer known as the passive layer on the steel. This layer is essential for stopping rust and other kinds of corrosion.

Stainless has several advantages. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the metal fabrication industry is likely going to grow by 9% from 2016 to 2026. This will see more application of stainless steel in various areas.

Can Stainless Steel be Affected by Rust?

One of the most common misconceptions is that stainless steel is a magical metal that never gets affected by rust. This can’t be further from the truth. Because of how it’s made, it’s highly unlikely that stainless steel will rust. However, it’s not entirely impossible. If the conditions allow, stainless steel can be affected by rust. It’s important to do proper maintenance of steel products so they don’t rust or get exposed.

Stainless Steel and Other Types of Corrosion

It’s important to understand that rust is not the only type of corrosion out there. There are several other chemicals or substances that are strong enough to corrode stainless steel. One of the most common types of corrosion that affects stainless steel is known as putting. This usually happens when the surface of stainless steel is exposed to corrosive agents for too long. The surface will start looking like there are tiny pits on the surface of the steel. If this is not quickly dealt with, it will have an impact on both the look and performance of the steel surface.

These are some of the things you need to know about stainless steel. It’s a strong material that’s fairly resistant to rust and other types of corrosion. Contact us if you want to purchase stainless steel.

How To Choose Between Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, or Fiberglass

There are so many different materials out there when it comes to creating enclosures and other surroundings in your home or business. There are plenty of options and taking the time to figure out what is going to work best for you is essential. When it comes down to materials, stainless steel, fiberglass, and carbon steel are all great options.

Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is one of those materials that are meant for very heavy-duty use. If you are going to be making something that is going to be used and that is going to get a ton of use and wear, carbon steel is a great option. It is also great for outdoor use as it is not going to rust and get damaged by water and weather. If you are building something outside and you need something that is very durable, this is going to be a great material to choose.

Fiberglass

Fiberglass is better for things that are going to require some insulation. Fiberglass is often used for insulating items and for making sure that whatever you are building under or inside of it is going to be protected. Fiberglass can get damaged with heavy wear and tear and it can be damaged if you are too hard on it and too rough with it. It can be hardened with coating and made more durable depending on what you are going to be using it for.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a great all-around material that is going to be useful for a huge range of applications. For things that are going to be outside, things that are going to get very hot, things that are going to get heavy use, this is a great option. Stainless steel is a great material that is going to be very durable and very useful if you want to have something that is going to keep working well for you over time and over a great deal of use.

When deciding what material is going to work for you, it is always best to look at what you are going to do with the material and what application it is going to be used for. This can make a big difference in what is going to be best for you and what is going to work for your overall needs most.

What’s The Difference Between Stainless Steels?

The story of stainless steel seems complicated because there is not only one type of stainless steel. It is, however, easy to understand the types of stainless steel out there in a large industry. In 2016, there were 139,000 sheet metal workers active in the United States, but the number is substantially higher now. If you’re working with your local metal workers to figure out what the best stainless steel option is for your project, consider the following information about the different types of stainless steel.

The Different Types of Stainless Steels

Austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and stainless steel alloys hardened by precipitation are the most common. Austenitic is the most extensively used and popular. Austenitic stainless steel is divided into two subgroups: 300 and 200. The primary classes of stainless steel will be discussed in the 300 subcategories since they are the most often used grades

304 Stainless Steel

304 stainless steel is a low-carbon steel that includes at least 18 percent chromium and 8% nickel, earning it the nickname 18/8 stainless steel. This form of stainless steel resists oxidation and corrosion. This resilience makes manufacturing easier and prevents product contamination. When compared to 316 stainless steel, 304 stainless steel is the most flexible, least expensive and common austenitic stainless steel.

303 Stainless Steel

303 stainless steel is a class of 304 stainless with a minimum of 8% nickel, 17% chromium, and 0.15 percent sulfur/selenium. The inclusion of a small amount of sulfur decreases corrosion resistance somewhat while increasing machineability, which is why it’s used in fasteners, bushings, bearings, and other minor components. Due to the needed tolerances, these parts require more precise machining standards. Although 303 stainless steel offers excellent corrosion resistance, 304 stainless is suggested for increased strength.

316 Stainless Steel

A minimum of 10% nickel, 16% chromium, and 2% molybdenum are included in 316 stainless steel. The fundamental difference between 316 and 304 stainless is the presence of much more molybdenum in 316 stainless. The use of this metal improves the corrosion resistance of 316 while also providing great heat resistance up to 1600°F. 316 stainless is a nickel-chromium stainless steel, similar to 304. 316 stainless steel and is recommended in environments with high levels of corrosive substances and/or items that will be put underwater.

Aside from the stainless steel types discussed above, you can also get 317, 321, and 347 types of stainless steel in the 300-class. The 400-class of stainless steel is the cheapest, but less popular.